The temperature of water is a critical fact to take into consideration at the time of planning a class. Professional Instructors are extremely cautious about this, because the variation of temperature may negatively impact the participants health.
Physicians are well aware about the benefits of warm and cool water, and they plan patients’ rehab accordingly.
Specifically talking about a typical Water Aerobics class, the ideal temperature of water should be of 28-30 Celsius degrees (83-86 Fahrenheit).
The below chart reflects the most recommended temperatures depending on the purpose of the water training one is performing:
|PURPOSE||RECOMMENDED WATER TEMPERATURE|
|Water Aerobics||28.3 – 30 C|
|Fitness||28.3 – 30 C|
|Resistance Training||28.3 – 30 C|
|Competitive Swimming||25.6 – 27.8 C|
|Therapy and Rehab||32.2 – 35 C|
|Multiple Sclerosis||26.7 – 28.9 C|
|Parkinson||32.2 – 33.3 C|
|Arthritis||28.3 – 32.2 C|
|Pregnancy||28.3 – 29.4 C|
|Elderly||28.3 – 30 C|
|Obese||26.5 – 30 C|
The above chart provides general information depending upon the physical activity selected for training or rehab purposes. But experts confirmed that any variation on the temperature of water will unfailingly require a modification in the program, extended to the time assigned to exercises as well as the type of them.
They continued explaining that in case the temperature is below the recommended degrees, such modifications will result in longer warm-ups, and more dynamic movements in order to increase the temperature of the whole body, which can occur in a segment of 9-15 minutes, which is indeed longer than in ordinary conditions. The next set of exercises should aim to maintain the temperature of the body, so the intensity of those exercises should be changed accordingly. To complete the Water Aerobics session, the cool down routine will also vary, so the exercises and their duration should be adjusted taking the environmental conditions into account.
The aim is to have a balanced class in cardiovascular and respiratory endurance, as well as muscular toning and flexibility to improve general fitness. This premise should not be modified, not even when water temperature changes. What the Professional needs to change (and we repeat: depending on purpose of training) is the duration of exercises and the intensity of them in each segment of the Water Aerobics class,
On the other hand, in case the water temperature is above the recommended and in order to prevent the overheating, it is strongly suggested not to wear swimming caps or like those one-piece surf suits, and to hydrate the body during the class, as well as making the pertaining adjustment to the class program.
Hydration is mandatory during the class. It doesn’t matter that one is not transpired as could be in a land-based aerobics class, still our body loses minerals and water that needs to be replaced with at least some sips of room temperature water.
Given the above possible situations, participants would need to change their clothing to assure their safety. So it is recommended to have two clothing options in your lockers to be ready for such events.
It is wise to check the Club Health Center facilities prior to becoming a member. It is possible to find multi-purpose pools, in which the temperature of water will not be specific for the activity you are planning to do, since the corresponding temperature adjustments are cost-effective, authorities may prefer to use one swimming pool for a big variety of classes, rather than offering more specific classes resulting into a more expensive maintenance. Still, there are other locations that are managed by specialists in which this problem is more likely not to be encountered.
Humidity levels and air temperature within the club facilities are of extreme importance for pre and post classes, which will vary in indoor and outdoor pools.
For indoor pools, the air temperature recommended within the club facilities is 24 – 29.5 C, while the humidity levels should meet the 50 – 60%.
Water Aerobics Instructors are very cautious in this respect, and should advise the class to adjust the clothing depending the variation of temperature and humidity, as well as the corresponding adjustment on the exercises programmed for the class.
In case of outdoor pools, since air temperature and humidity will directly impact the temperature of water, it is preferred to decide in advance (and communicate to the clientele) the limits of air temperature in order to attend or not the class.
The quality of the air within the indoor pool facilities needs to be monitored by the corresponding authorities, providing the adequate ventilation to remove chemical fumes from the pool area according to local safety regulations.